10.08.2012 / Autor: Simon Plasger Community

Abkürzungen

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Abkürzung

Bedeutung (Bemerkungen)

AAP

Apollo Applications Program

ACS

Attitude Control System (Lagekontrollsystem)

AE

Astronomische Einheit (Abstand Erde-Sonne)

AEC

Atomic Energy Commission

AEF

apogee engine firing

AEHF

Advanced Extremely High Frequency

AFB

Air Force Base

AFRSI

Advanced Flexible Reusable Surface Insulation

AMS

Alpha-Magnet-Spektrometer

AOA

Abort Once Around

AOCS

Attitude & Orbit Control System (Lagekontrollsystem)

AOS

Acquisition of Signal

APAS

Androgynous Peripheral Attach System (shuttle docking port, androgynes Kopplungssystem)

APU

Auxiliary Power Unit

ART

Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie

ARV

Automated Re-entry Vehicle

ASRC

Alabama Space and Rocket Center

ATV

Automated Transfer Vehicle

AU

Astronomical Unit = Astronomische Einheit (Abstand Erde-Sonne)

BECO

Booster Engine Cutoff

BEO

Beyond Earth Orbit

BGA

Beta Gimbal Assembly

BWB

Bundesamt für Wehrtechnik und Beschaffung

CALT

China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology

CAM

Collision Avoidance Maneouvre

CAPCOM

Capsule Communicator

CAST

Chinese Academy of Space Technology

CASTC

China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation

CBC

Common Booster Core (Delta IV first stage, Boeing)

CBCS

Centerline Berthing Camera System

CBM

Common Berthing Mechanism

CC

Control Centre

CCAFS

Cape Canaveral Airforce Station

CCB

Common Core Booster (Atlas V first stage, Lockheed/Martin)

CCDev

Commercial Crew Development - Entwicklungsprogramm für Shuttle-Nachfolger

CCRS

Canada Centre for Remote Sensing

CDR

Commander (im Space Shuttle), alternativ: Critical Design Review

CEIT

Crew Equipment Interface Test

CERN

Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire

CETA

Crew and Equipment Translation Aid am Truss.

CEV

Crew Exploration Vehicle (Orion)

CGWIC

China Great Wall Industry Corporation

CLV

Crew Launch Vehicle

CM

Command Module

CMG

Control Moment Gyroscope

CNES

Centre National d'Études Spatiales - französische Raumfahrtagentur

CNSA

China National Space Administration

COF

Columbus Orbital Facility, europäisches Labormodul an der ISS

COSPAR

Committee on space research

COTS

Commercial Orbital Transportation Services

CPHD

Centre Principale Helios Deutschland

CPHF

centre principal Hélios français

CPS

Cryogenic Propulsion Stage

CRS

Commercial Resupply Services

CRV

Crew Return Vehicle

CSA

Canadian Space Agency

CSG

centre spatial guyane (Weltraumbahnhof in Kourou

CSL

Crew Support Lan

CSM

Command/Service Module

CTB

Cargo Transfer Bag

CTC

Cargo Transport Container

CaLV

Cargo Launch Vehicle

DAM

Debris avoidance maneuver

DCM

Docking Cargo Modul, dt. Kopplungs- und Frachtmodul, umgebaut zum MiM. 1 (kleines Forschungsmodul)

DFD

Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum

DGA

Délégation Générale pour l’Armement - Beschaffungsbehörde des französischen Verteidigungsministeriums

DLR

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- & Raumfahrt

DSN

Deep Space Network

DSP

Defense Support Program

DoD

Department of Defense

E-ELT

European Extremely Large Telescope

EADS

European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company

ECLSS

Environmental Control and Life Support System

ECO

Engine Cutoff

EDO

Extended Duration Orbiter (längerer Aufenthalt im Orbit für das Shuttle möglich)

EDS

Earth Departure Stage oder Emergency Detection System

EDT

Eastern Daylight Time (New York Zeit)

EELV

Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle

EF

Exposed Facility

EHF

Extremely High Frequency

EI

Entry-Interface

ELC

EXPRESS Logistics Carriers (Gitterstruktur mit Ersatzteilen)

ELDO

European Launcher Development Organization

ELM

Experiment Logistics Module

ELV

Expendable Launch Vehicle

EMU

Extravehicular Mobility Unit (us-Raumanzug für Außenbordeinsätze)

EOM

End of Mission

EPB

ENGINE PROTECT BOARD (ATV Triebwerkssektion

ERA

European Robotic Arm

ERNO

Entwicklungsring Nord

ESA

European Space Agency

ESP

External Stowage Platform

EST

UTC -5h

ESTEC

European Space Research and Technology Centre

ET

External Tank

ETR

Eastern Test Range (Cape Canaveral)

EU

Europäische Union

EVA

Extravehicular Activity (Außenbordeinsatz im All)

FAR

Flight Acceptance Review

FD

Flight Day

FGB

Lager- und Funktionsmodul

FLPP

Future Launchers Preparatory Programme - Programm für Ariane 5 Nachfolger

FOC

Full Operational Capability

FRR

Flight Readiness Review

FRSI

Felt Reusable Surface Insulation

FSLGS

French SAR-Lupe Ground Segment

GAGAN

GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation

GF

Grapple Fixture

GMT

Greenwich Mean Time

GOES

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GPS

Global Positioning System

GRB

Gamma-Ray-Burst (Gammastrahlenausbruch)

GSE

ground support equipment

GSFC

Goddard Space Flight Center

GSLV

Geosynchronous Space Launch Vehicle(Indische Rakete)

GSO

Geostationärer Orbit

GTO

Geostationärer Transferorbit

GUCP

Ground Umbilical Carrier Plate (Absaugvorrichtung für verdampfenden Wasserstoff des ET)

GloNaSS

Globalnaja Nawigazionnaja Sputnikowaja Sistema, dt. Globales Navigationssatellitensystem

H-II

Japanische Trägerrakete

H2

Wasserstoff

HARPS

High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher

HCT

hall current thruster

HLV

Heavy Lift Vehicle

HRS

Heat Rejection System der ISS.

HRSI

High temperature Reusable Surface Insulation

HST

Hubble Space Telescope

HTV

H-2 Transfer Vehicle bzw. Hypersonic Test Vehicle

ICBM

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (Interkontinentalrakete)

IDSS

Internationalen Docking Standard System

INMCC

Indian Master Control Center

IOV

in orbit verification

ISP

Integrated Stowage Platform

ISPR

International Standard Payload Rack

ISRO

Indian Space Research Organisation

ISS

International Space Station

ITAR

International Traffic in Arms Regulations

ITS

Integrated Truss Structure

IU

Instrument Unit

IUS

Inertial Upper Stage

IXV

Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle

JATO

Jet-Assisted Take-Off

JAXA

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

JEM

Japan Experiment Module

JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

JSC

Johnson Space Center

JWST

James Webb Space Telescope

KARI

Korea Aerospace Research Institute

KSLV

Korea Space Launch Vehicle

LAS

Launch Abort System (Rettungsrakete)

LASL

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory

LC

Launch Complex

LCC

Launch Commit Criteria

LDVA

launch vehicle data adapter

LEF

Latching End Effector, Greifer des Roboterarms der ISS

LEM

Lunar Excursion Module

LEO

Lower Earth Orbit (=niedriger Erdorbit)

LEOSAR

low earth orbit search and rescue

LH2

flüssiger Wasserstoff

LIBS

Laser induced breakdown Spectroscopy

LIDS

Low Impact Docking System

LLO

Low Lunar Orbit (niedrieger Mondorbit

LM

Lunar Module

LMCSS

Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems

LOC

Loss of Crew

LOI

Lunar Orbit Insertion (Einschuss in die Mondumlaufbahn

LOM

Loss of Mission (Missionsverlust)

LON

Launch on Need

LOS

Loss of Signal

LOX

Liquid Oxygen

LRL

Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

LRO

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter

LRSI

Low temperature Reusable Surface Insulation

LSAM

Lunar Surface Access Module

LVDC

launch vehicle digital computer

Lj

Lichtjahr

MAF

Michoud Assembly Facility

MBS

Mobile Base System

MCC

Mission Control Center

MECO

Main Engine Cutoff

MESZ

Mitteleuropäische Sommerzeit

MET

Mission Elapsed Time

MEZ

Mitteleuropäische Zeit

MILA

Merrit Island Launch Annex

MIM

Malui Issledowatjelski Modul, dt. kleines Forschungsmodul (auch MrM)

ML

Mobile Launcher

MLI

Multi Layer Insulation (Thermalschutzmatten)

MLM

Mnogozelewoi Laboratornui Modul, dt. Mehrzweck-Labormodul

MLP

Mobile Launch Platform

MMH

Monomethyl Hydrazine (Lagerfähiger Treibstoff, z.B.: ATV)

MMOD

Micro-Meteoroid and Orbital Debris (~Weltraumschrott)

MMT

Mission Management Team

MMU

Manned Maneuvering Unit (=amerikanischer Raumanzug)

MON

Mixture of Nitrogens (Oxidator

MPCV

Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle

MPLM

Multipurpose Logistics Module (Transportmodul)

MPO

Mercury Planetary Orbiter, Teil von BepiColombo

MRM

Mini Research Module, dt. kleines Forschungsmodul (eigentlich MiM)

MSFC

Marshall Space Flight Center

MSL

Mars Science Laboratory

MST

Moskau Standard Zeit

MT

Mobile Transporter der ISS.

N2H4

Hydrazin

N2O4

Distickstofftetroxid (Treibstoffkombination)

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NEM

Naútschno-Energetitscheski Modul, dt. Wissenschafts- und Energiemodul

NEO

Near Earth Orbit

NERVA

Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application

NET

not earlier than (=nicht früher als, frühestens)

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NORAD

North American Aerospace Defense Command

NRDS

Nuclear Rocket Development Station

NROL

Militärnachrichtendienst der USA

NSF

nasaspaceflight.com

O2

Sauerstoff

OBSS

Orbiter Boom Sensor System

ODS

Orbiter Docking System

OMBUU

Orbiter Mid Body Umbilical Unit

OMS

Orbital Maneuvering System (Antriebssystem des Shuttles im All)

OPF

Orbiter Processing Facility

OPSEK

Orbitalnui Pilotirujemui Sborotschno-Ekspluatazionnui Kompleks - geplante russische Raumstation

ORU

Orbital Replacement Unit (Ersatzteil)

OSC

Orbital Sciences Corporation

OT

Offtopic bzw. Orbitalnuije Technologi, dt. Orbitaltechnologie

OV-101

Orbiter Vehicle: Enterprise

OV-102

Orbiter Vehicle: Columbia

OV-103

Orbiter Vehicle: Discovery

OV-104

Orbiter Vehicle: Atlantis

OV-105

Orbiter Vehicle: Endeavour

OV-98

Orbiter Vehicle: Pathfinder

OV-99

Orbiter Vehicle: Challenger

OWP

Orbiter Weather Protection

PAO

Public Affairs Officer

PDGF

Power and Data Grapple Fixture (Haltepunkte des Canadarm2)

PDR

Preliminary Design Review

PGT

Pistol Grip Tool, dt. Drehmomentschlüssel

PK

Pressekonferenz

PLB

Payloadbay, dt. Nutzlastbucht

PLT

Pilot

PM

Pressurized Module

PMA

Pressurized Mating Adapter, docking port for Shuttle orbiters at ISS

PMM

Permanent Multipropose Module

PN

Persönliche Nachricht

PPTS

Perspektivnaja Pilotirujemaja Transportnaja Sistema, dt. Zukünftiges bemanntes Transportsystem

PRSD

Power Reactant Storage and Distributation

PSI

Pounds per Square Inch

PSLV

Polar Space Launch Vehicle (Indische Rakete)

PTK

Pilotirujemui Transportnui Korabl, dt. Bemanntes Transportraumschiff

PVR

Photovoltaic Radiator der ISS.

QR

Qualification Review (Qualifikations Abnahme)

QZSS

Quasi Zenit Satelliten System

RCC

Reinforced Carbon Carbon

RCS

Reaction Control System (Steuertriebwerke der Orbiter)

RMS

Remote Mani-pulator System (Roboterarm des Space Shuttle)

RPM

Rendezvous Pitch Maneuver

RRM

Robotic Refueling Mission

RSCC

Russian Satellite Communications Company

RSP

Resupply Storage Platform

RSR

Resuply Sorage Rack

RSS

Rotating Service Structure

RTG

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator - radioaktive Energiequelle

SADM

Solar Array Drive Mechanism

SAR

Synthetic Aperture Radar

SARJ

Solar Alpha Rotary Joint

SDSC

Satish Dhawan Space Center

SEC

Single Engine Centaur

SECO

second stage engine cut off

SFN

spaceflightnow.com

SGANT

Space to Ground Antenna

SHF

Super High Frequency

SL

Schwarzes Loch

SLF

Shuttle Landing Facility

SLS

Space Launch System

SM

Servicemodul

SN

Supernova / Supernovae

SNPO

space nuclear propulsion office

SOFIA

Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy

SOLAR

Solar Monitoring Observatory (SMO)

SPDM

Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (=Dextre)

SPELTRA

Structure Porteuse Externe pour Lancement Triple Ariane

SPP

Science Power Platform

SRB

Solid Rocket Booster (Feststoff-Booster)

SRT

Spezielle Relativitätstheorie

SS/L

Space Systems/Loral

SS2

Space Ship Two

SSC

Swedish Space Cooporation oder Station Support Computer

SSME

Space Shuttle Main Engine

SSO

Sonnensynchroner Orbit

SSPF

Space Station Processing Facility

SSPTS

Station to Shuttle Power Transfer System

SSRMS

Space Station Remote Manipulator System (Cana-darm2)

SSTL

Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.

SSTO

Single Stage To Orbit oder Supersynchronous Transfer Orbit

STA

Shuttle Training Aircraft

SYLDA

Système Lancement Double Ariane

TAL

Transoceanic Abort Landing (Notfalllandung des Space Shuttle in Europa)

TAS

Thales Alenia Space

TBC

To be confirmed

TBD

to be determined (=noch zu bestimmen)

TCDT

Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (=Shuttle Countdown Simulation)

TCM

Trajectory Correction Maneuver, Manöver zur Bahnkorrektur

TCS

Thermal Control System

TDRS

Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

TDRSS

Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System

TDV

Transit Duration Variation

TEI

Trans Earth Injection

TKS

???????????? ??????? ????????? / Transportny Korabl Snabschenija (Transportraumschiff für Versorgungszwecke)

TLE

Two Line Elements (Orbitbeschreibung)

TLI

Trans Lunar Injection

TMI

Trans Mars Injection

TMT

Thirty Meter Telescope

TPS

Thermal Protection System

TRR

Test Readiness Review (Test-Freigabe)

TTV

Transit Time Variation

UCCAS

Unpressurized Cargo Carrier Attachment System

UDMH

Unsymetrical Di-Methyl Hydrazine (Lagerfähiger Treibstoff, z.B. Proton)

UHF

Ultra High Frequency

ULA

United Launch Alliance

UM

Uslowoi Modul, dt. Knotenmodul

USA

United Space Alliance

USAF

United States Air Force

USEF

Institute for Unmanned Space Experiment Free Flyer

USOC

USEF Space Operations Center

VAB

Vehicle Assembly Building

VHF

Very High Frequency

VLBI

Very Long Baseline Interferometry

VLT

Very Large Telescope

WASP

Wide Angle Search for Planets

WDR

wet dress rehearsal (Betankungstest)

WHC

Waste & Hygiene Compartment

WK2

White Knight Two

WTR

Western Test Range (Vandenberg)

XSLC

Xichang Satellite Launch Center

ZSR

Zero Storage Rack

 
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